Following on from the recent UKPC parking and Greater Manchester Police Notice of prosecution scams delivering malware we are today seeing the same gang spoofing The UK Government Insolvency Service, with an email pretending to be a Company Investigations Inquiry Reminder
They use email addresses and subjects that will entice a user to read the email and open the attachment. A very high proportion are being targeted at small and medium size businesses, with the hope of getting a better response than they do from consumers.
This is another one of the files that unless you have “show known file extensions enabled“, can easily be mistaken for a genuine DOC / PDF / JPG or other common file instead of the .EXE / .JS file it really is, so making it much more likely for you to accidentally open it and be infected.
These are not coming from any UK Government department. The domain hosting the scam and malware download insolvencyserviceonline.com. was registered by a criminal on 18 December 2016 using privacy protection services, so we cannot trace who he is. This scam illustrates perfectly what I have been saying about the vulnerabilities in The UK Government Gateway website and how easy it is to fool most of the people most of the time. If The Government Gateway had an EV certificate that displays a green URL bar, it helps to prevent prospective victims from this sort of attack. No Green bar means the site is not genuine and not safe.
Update 22 December 2016: today’s fake spoofed site is http://jcko.insolvencydirectonline.com/loading/local_data/wpla/case_details/download.php which currently is downloading 0 byte empty files instead of the zipped js file. I am assuming it will be ( when they fix it ) the same as today’s example of the UK parking fines scam.
Update 23 December 2016: now fixed and delivering the zipped js files ( VirusTotal) ( Payload Security ) which in turn downloads ‘http://viragnn.ru/plugins/rw0vE/j0g7cfw1m/workshit.pdf’ which again is not a pdf but a renamed .exe file delivering what looks like Ursnif banking Trojan again today ( VirusTotal)
Update 19 January 2017: Another malspam run of these. Identical to last month’s run. The links in the email bodies go via numerous pass through sites but all end up on http://z0pn.uk-insolvencydirect.com/sending_data/in_cgi/bbwp/cases/Inquiry.php ( the subdomain, the 3 or 4 character bit before the uk-insolvency changes with each visit. That downloads a zip file containing a js file that will contact www.studiolegaleabbruzzese.com/wp-content/plugins/urxwhbnw3ez/flight_4832.pdf which of course is not a pdf but a renamed .exe. These continue to deliver ursnif banking Trojan Virus total   Payload Security 
One of the emails looks like:
From: Investigations and Enforcement Services < firstname.lastname@example.org >
Date: Tue 20/12/2016 12:27
Subject: Company Investigations Inquiry Report TSN: 48PHM88
Attachment: link in email body
Company Investigations Inquiry Reminder
We have received criticism about your company which implies corporate misconduct.
This may include:
- Causing significant harm to customers, suppliers, etc.
- Breaking the law, e.g. fake
- Serious crime, e.g. company supplies have not been used acceptably
- Having a notable peculiarity in its affairs.
As part of this process we have made our own background fieldwork and if it happens to be in the public interest, we can apply to the court to wind up the company and stop it trading.
Your Inquiry Number: 77MRYZ185
Also if the performance of the director(s) who run the company is suspicious enough, we can instigate proceedings to disqualify them from managing a limited company for a time span up to 15 years.
The investigation may give us details that we can pass to another regulatory body that has more suitable powers to deal with any concerns the investigation uncovers.
Help Cookies Contact Terms and conditions Rhestr o Wasanaethau Cymraeg Built by the Government Digital Service
All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated
© Crown copyright
If you follow the link behind inquiry information you go to http://svmemorials.com/wp-content/themes/twentythirteen/8sd9esllxz0/kz2w0zd0.php ( there are normally hundreds of these hacked wordpress websites acting as a redirector, which sends you on to a spoofed / fake UK Government Companies Investigation Services website http://j9d9.insolvencyserviceonline.com/bbwl/request_lanp/service/Inquiry.php
That looks like
All these malicious emails are either designed to steal your Passwords, Bank, PayPal or other financial details along with your email or FTP ( web space) log in credentials. Or they are Ransomware versions that encrypt your files and demand large sums of money to recover the files.All the alleged senders, amounts, reference numbers, Bank codes, companies, names of employees, employee positions, email addresses and phone numbers mentioned in the emails are all random. Some of these companies will exist and some won’t. Don’t try to respond by phone or email, all you will do is end up with an innocent person or company who have had their details spoofed and picked at random from a long list that the bad guys have previously found.
The bad guys choose companies, Government departments and organisations with subjects that are designed to entice you or alarm you into blindly opening the attachment or clicking the link in the email to see what is happening.
There are frequently dozens or even hundreds of different download locations, sometimes delivering the exactly same malware from all locations and sometimes slightly different malware versions from each one. Dridex, Locky and many other malwares do update at frequent intervals during the day, sometimes as quickly as every hour, so you might get a different version of these nasty Ransomware or Banking password stealer Trojans to the version we list here.
Be very careful with email attachments. All of these emails use Social engineering tricks to persuade you to open the attachments that come with the email. Whether it is a message saying “look at this picture of me I took last night” and it appears to come from a friend or is more targeted at somebody who regularly is likely to receive PDF attachments or Word .doc attachments or any other common file that you use every day.
The basic rule is NEVER open any attachment to an email, unless you are expecting it. Now that is very easy to say but quite hard to put into practice, because we all get emails with files attached to them. Our friends and family love to send us pictures of them doing silly things, or even cute pictures of the children or pets.
Never just blindly click on the file in your email program. Always save the file to your downloads folder, so you can check it first. Many malicious files that are attached to emails will have a faked extension. That is the 3 letters at the end of the file name. Unfortunately windows by default hides the file extensions so you need to Set your folder options to “show known file types. Then when you unzip the zip file that is supposed to contain the pictures of “Sally’s dog catching a ball” or a report in word document format that work has supposedly sent you to finish working on at the weekend, or an invoice or order confirmation from some company, you can easily see if it is a picture or document & not a malicious program.
If you see .JS or .EXE or .COM or .PIF or .SCR or .HTA .vbs, .wsf , .jse .jar at the end of the file name DO NOT click on it or try to open it, it will infect you.
While the malicious program is inside the zip file, it cannot harm you or automatically run. When it is just sitting unzipped in your downloads folder it won’t infect you, provided you don’t click it to run it. Just delete the zip and any extracted file and everything will be OK. You can always run a scan with your antivirus to be sure. There are some zip files that can be configured by the bad guys to automatically run the malware file when you double click the zip to extract the file. If you right click any suspicious zip file received, and select extract here or extract to folder ( after saving the zip to a folder on the computer) that risk is virtually eliminated. Never attempt to open a zip directly from your email, that is a guaranteed way to get infected. The best way is to just delete the unexpected zip and not risk any infection.