All the major browsers have inbuilt protection to help protect you against malware attacks, malicious websites and phishing.
All browsers have these turned on by default, but it is wise to check that they haven’t been “accidentally” turned off by somebody or something.
Smart Screen Filter: Keeping it turned on at all times will protect yourself and tighten security a lot. If you are using Vista or Windows 7, then Internet Explorer 8, 9, 10 and 11 has an inbuilt smart filter that scans all websites that you visit and all web based downloads. It will alert you and block access to known infected websites and unknown or malicious executable files that you are attempting to download. It won’t block Zip or Rar files. Obviously smart filter only works if you use Internet explorer as your browser and not if you use Firefox or Chrome.
If you are using Windows 8 or 8.1, then you are much better protected, because smart filter is inbuilt to windows and scans/checks and blocks ( if needed) any file you download or open on your computer. This way it works on all browsers and any files received by email as well as web scanning.
Other browsers have similar protection that should always be left turned on: Chrome has “Enable phishing and malware protection” Firefox has the “Block reported web forgeries and block reported attack sites”
Lets start with Internet Explorer ( 8,9,10,11)
First go to the little gear cog icon on top right of browser and on the drop down select safety then smart screen filter. If it is turned on it will say “turn off smart screen filter”. If it is off, it will say Turn on smart screen filter”. If you have the menu bar turned on then select tools, then Smart screen filter.
When you press that link a small window will pop up. Make sure Turn on smart screen filter is selected and press OK
Next Google Chrome
Go to the little settings button at top right of browser ( it looks like 3 lines) then select settings, then advanced settings, then make sure there is a check mark in the box beside “Protect You and your device from dangerous sites” close the settings page
Press the orange firefox button at top left of the browser or in newer versions of Firefox the 3 bars at top right of browser, then options and options again, select the Security tab and make sure that all 3 of the highlighted check boxes are selected
( if you have set Firefox to have menu bars instead of the orange “one” button, then select tools, then options then security tab)