We continue to be plagued daily by fake financial themed emails containing java adwind or Java Jacksbot attachments. I have previously mentioned many of these HERE. We have been seeing these sort of emails almost every day and there was nothing much to update. Today’s has a slightly different subject and email content to previous ones.
These are unusual in that they are addressed and targeted at UK email addresses, with UK specific content. The previous versions all referenced Middle Eastern, African, Indian or Pakistan entities or companies in the body.
The java Adwind versions are exactly the same as Yesterday’s versions detailed HERE. The zip once again contains 2 different sized and named java files, although named differently to yesterday’s versions, they are identical.
Make Note: Java Adwind / Java Jacksbot are both very dangerous remote access backdoor Trojans, that have cross OS capabilities and can potentially run and infect any computer or operating system including windows, Apple Mac, Android and Linux. It however can only be active or infect you if you have Sun / Oracle Java installed. Along with most security professionals, I strongly urge you to uninstall java and not use it, unless you have a pressing need for it. The majority of domestic ( home ) users and small businesses have no need for Java on their computers. This Article from a couple of years ago explains why you should remove it. If you cannot remove it then it must be kept up to date and be extremely careful with what you download or open.
They use email addresses and subjects that will entice a user to read the email and open the attachment. A very high proportion are being targeted at small and medium size businesses, with the hope of getting a better response than they do from consumers.
None of the companies mentioned in the body of the email been hacked or had their email or other servers compromised. They are not sending the emails to you. They are just innocent victims in exactly the same way as every recipient of these emails. These do not come from Western Union. They also do not come from/ via /through Outlook.com /co.uk
The email looks like:
From: Western Union DVRTRA 1 <DVRTRAemail@example.com>
Date: Tue 21/02/2017 08:31
Subject: WU RTRA RULES – FULL REFUND NOTIFICATION
Attachment: SCREENED TRANSACTION AND FULL REFUND DETAILS.zip
Dear agent from United Kingdom : We appreciate your ongoing efforts in representing Western Union. As you know, Western Union is required to comply with industry standards in handling all transactions. This makes it necessary to review every transaction to ensure it is not a business risk to you, other agents like you, or the company. This includes screening transactions against individuals and entities we are prohibited from doing business with. Unfortunately, the receiver(s) for the transaction(s) mentioned below already exceeded the maximum limit to receive money transfer in the destination country so we need to refund the full amount. Please take note of the attached new MTCN for the refund. If you require further assistance, please do not hesitate to contact us. RTRA T1 Doriscely Cabrera 382 Data Vimenca
IP Hostname City Region Country Organisation 184.108.40.206 rrcs-24-136-103-222.nyc.biz.rr.com Maspeth New York US AS12271 Time Warner Cable Internet LLC 220.127.116.11 DE AS34549 meerfarbig GmbH & Co. KGNote: Only the final IP address outside of your network in the Received: fields can be trusted as others can be spoofed
Received: from rrcs-24-136-103-222.nyc.biz.rr.com ([18.104.22.168]:3334 helo=mail.shopgothic.com)
by knight.knighthosting.co.uk with esmtp (Exim 4.88)
for firstname.lastname@example.org; Tue, 21 Feb 2017 09:37:06 +0000
Received: from VPS2DAY-1020UNV ([22.214.171.124]) by mail.shopgothic.com with Microsoft SMTPSVC(6.0.3790.1830);
Tue, 21 Feb 2017 04:33:50 -0500
Date: Tue, 21 Feb 2017 08:30:44 +0000
Subject: WU RTRA RULES – FULL REFUND NOTIFICATION
From: “Western Union DVRTRA 1” <DVRTRAemail@example.com>
X-OriginalArrivalTime: 21 Feb 2017 09:33:51.0282 (UTC) FILETIME=[9C66B120:01D28C25]
These malicious attachments have a password stealing component, with the aim of stealing your bank, PayPal or other financial details along with your email or FTP ( web space) log in credentials. Many of them are also designed to specifically steal your Facebook and other social network log in details.All the alleged senders, amounts, reference numbers, Bank codes, companies, names of employees, employee positions, email addresses and phone numbers mentioned in the emails are all random. Some of these companies will exist and some won’t. Don’t try to respond by phone or email, all you will do is end up with an innocent person or company who have had their details spoofed and picked at random from a long list that the bad guys have previously found. The bad guys choose companies, Government departments and organisations with subjects that are designed to entice you or alarm you into blindly opening the attachment or clicking the link in the email to see what is happening.
Please read our How to protect yourselves page for simple, sensible advice on how to avoid being infected by this sort of socially engineered malware.
This is another one of the files that unless you have “show known file extensions enabled“, can easily be mistaken for a genuine DOC / PDF / JPG or other common file instead of the .EXE / .JS file it really is, so making it much more likely for you to accidentally open it and be infected.
Be very careful with email attachments. All of these emails use Social engineering tricks to persuade you to open the attachments that come with the email. Whether it is a message saying “look at this picture of me I took last night” and it appears to come from a friend or is more targeted at somebody who regularly is likely to receive PDF attachments or Word .doc attachments or any other common file that you use every day.
The basic rule is NEVER open any attachment to an email, unless you are expecting it. Now that is very easy to say but quite hard to put into practice, because we all get emails with files attached to them. Our friends and family love to send us pictures of them doing silly things, or even cute pictures of the children or pets.
Never just blindly click on the file in your email program. Always save the file to your downloads folder, so you can check it first. Many malicious files that are attached to emails will have a faked extension. That is the 3 letters at the end of the file name. Unfortunately windows by default hides the file extensions so you need to Set your folder options to “show known file types. Then when you unzip the zip file that is supposed to contain the pictures of “Sally’s dog catching a ball” or a report in word document format that work has supposedly sent you to finish working on at the weekend, or an invoice or order confirmation from some company, you can easily see if it is a picture or document & not a malicious program.
If you see .JS or .EXE or .COM or .PIF or .SCR or .HTA at the end of the file name DO NOT click on it or try to open it, it will infect you.
While the malicious program is inside the zip file, it cannot harm you or automatically run. When it is just sitting unzipped in your downloads folder it won’t infect you, provided you don’t click it to run it. Just delete the zip and any extracted file and everything will be OK. You can always run a scan with your antivirus to be sure. There are some zip files that can be configured by the bad guys to automatically run the malware file when you double click the zip to extract the file. If you right click any suspicious zip file received, and select extract here or extract to folder ( after saving the zip to a folder on the computer) that risk is virtually eliminated. Never attempt to open a zip directly from your email, that is a guaranteed way to get infected. The best way is to just delete the unexpected zip and not risk any infection.