The next Formbook campaign today is a bit of a cock-up from the malware bad actors. The email invites you to quote for 720 of an unspecified object, the details being in the attached file. This is where they have made the mistake and made it less likely that anybody receiving the email will easily be infected. Firstly the attachment has a .ace suffix. .ace are a sort of zip that needs special software to extract them. Windows and many common unzipping utilities don’t natively deal with .ace files. But to add the icing to the cake, it is not a .ace file at all but a .rar that is wrongly named so will not extract without renaming the file to .rar.
They use email addresses and subjects that will entice a user to read the email and open the attachment. A very high proportion are being targeted at small and medium size businesses, with the hope of getting a better response than they do from consumers.
You can now submit suspicious sites, emails and files via our Submissions system
It is extremely unlikely that Wintershall Trading Group actually exists. This email appears to come from a fraudulently set up account on AS14061 DigitalOcean which simply has this content on the webspace
This malware file downloads from
One of the emails looks like:
From: Haithem K. Othman <email@example.com>
Date: Mon 21/01/2019 12:06
Subject: Contract 2019 – Stock Order Inquiry – MUSANADA EU036-2019
Attachment: Order Inquiry – MUSANADA EU036-2019.pdf.ace
We invite you to quote us your best price and availability for the following enquiry. MUSANADA EU036-2019
S.NO DESCRIPTION QTY BRAND 1 INQUIRY-MUSANADA EU036-2019
Note: Dial Size 2’’
720 AS DESCRIBED IN ATTACHMENT
If you need any further information or assistance please feel free to contact us.
We are looking forward for your prompt and positive response.
Haithem K. Othman
Wintershall Trading Group.
Tel : +971-2-4466683
Fax : +971-2-4466483
P.O Box 46353, Abu Dhabi-UAE
|22.214.171.124||rdns0.wintershalltradinggroup.ga||Santa Clara||California||US||AS14061 DigitalOcean, LLC|
Received: from rdns0.wintershalltradinggroup.ga ([126.96.36.199]:45483) by my email server with esmtps (TLSv1:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:256) (Exim 4.91) (envelope-from <firstname.lastname@example.org>) id 1glYLS-00029w-M9 for email@example.com; Mon, 21 Jan 2019 12:06:28 +0000 DKIM-Signature: v=1; a=rsa-sha1; c=relaxed/relaxed; s=default; d=wintershalltradinggroup.ga; h=From:To:Subject:Date:Message-ID:MIME-Version:Content-Type; firstname.lastname@example.org; bh=s+4kR0ebY9Y7F2nW5uuwThkhlec=; b=PgHlSZlLBCZ6dLUZFWbcTv6S2Vf2ea9b2trD0rP8lSQdUexB3ELr1sX5qA6YWZdBnmZJsmgPJOwC 3fXQnrk0K+MXXw2k6ooeQPa7F4WHDRD9ycuMB7HXYeR+pMpW0XVykv5HwBhQ7JUhn6ZxDtVdfF/1 IDLpMxXY2v47vZ8WHSs= DomainKey-Signature: a=rsa-sha1; c=nofws; q=dns; s=default; d=wintershalltradinggroup.ga; b=tCz+yynT9inJOhxoeMCC8KMjbGeo5IjW+KjZUi8P3i/w04xOEfJiWCGX0fFk+MMQChj98rNBhtC1 AUE5KF46mKi4wZ6cTRcdJd3On2+mi7XvfXcf1QT//9kZz31IcJ57noQIy3Vg+2CF/5B7xYMrYDLy Q3yC8MnjU3N39WDzsLU=; Received: from wintershalltradinggroup.ga (188.8.131.52) by rdns0.wintershalltradinggroup.ga id h8mqs80001gg for <email@example.com>; Mon, 21 Jan 2019 10:06:26 -0200 (envelope-from <firstname.lastname@example.org>) From: Haithem K. Othman <email@example.com> To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Contract 2019 - Stock Order Inquiry - MUSANADA EU036-2019 Date: 21 Jan 2019 04:06:25 -0800 Message-ID: <20190121040625.856321177F478B50@wintershalltradinggroup.ga> MIME-Version: 1.0 Content-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary="----=_NextPart_000_0012_8B3F600B.1CFFCEB4"
These malicious attachments normally have a password stealing component, with the aim of stealing your bank, PayPal or other financial details along with your email or FTP ( web space) log in credentials. Many of them are also designed to specifically steal your Facebook and other social network log in details. A very high proportion are Ransomware versions that encrypt your files and demand money ( about £350/$400) to recover the files.All the alleged senders, amounts, reference numbers, Bank codes, companies, names of employees, employee positions, email addresses and phone numbers mentioned in the emails are all random. Some of these companies will exist and some won’t. Don’t try to respond by phone or email, all you will do is end up with an innocent person or company who have had their details spoofed and picked at random from a long list that the bad guys have previously found. The bad guys choose companies, Government departments and organisations with subjects that are designed to entice you or alarm you into blindly opening the attachment or clicking the link in the email to see what is happening.
Please read our How to protect yourselves page for simple, sensible advice on how to avoid being infected by this sort of socially engineered malware.
This is another one of the files that unless you have “show known file extensions enabled“, can easily be mistaken for a genuine DOC / PDF / JPG or other common file instead of the .EXE / .JS file it really is, so making it much more likely for you to accidentally open it and be infected.
Be very careful with email attachments. All of these emails use Social engineering tricks to persuade you to open the attachments that come with the email. Whether it is a message saying “look at this picture of me I took last night” and it appears to come from a friend or is more targeted at somebody who regularly is likely to receive PDF attachments or Word .doc attachments or any other common file that you use every day.
The basic rule is NEVER open any attachment to an email, unless you are expecting it. Now that is very easy to say but quite hard to put into practice, because we all get emails with files attached to them. Our friends and family love to send us pictures of them doing silly things, or even cute pictures of the children or pets.
Never just blindly click on the file in your email program. Always save the file to your downloads folder, so you can check it first. Many malicious files that are attached to emails will have a faked extension. That is the 3 letters at the end of the file name. Unfortunately windows by default hides the file extensions so you need to Set your folder options to “show known file types. Then when you unzip the zip file that is supposed to contain the pictures of “Sally’s dog catching a ball” or a report in word document format that work has supposedly sent you to finish working on at the weekend, or an invoice or order confirmation from some company, you can easily see if it is a picture or document & not a malicious program.
If you see JS or .EXE or .COM or .PIF or .SCR or .HTA .vbs, .wsf , .jse .jar at the end of the file name DO NOT click on it or try to open it, it will infect you.
While the malicious program is inside the zip file, it cannot harm you or automatically run. When it is just sitting unzipped in your downloads folder it won’t infect you, provided you don’t click it to run it. Just delete the zip and any extracted file and everything will be OK. You can always run a scan with your antivirus to be sure. There are some zip files that can be configured by the bad guys to automatically run the malware file when you double click the zip to extract the file. If you right click any suspicious zip file received, and select extract here or extract to folder ( after saving the zip to a folder on the computer) that risk is virtually eliminated. Never attempt to open a zip directly from your email, that is a guaranteed way to get infected. The best way is to just delete the unexpected zip and not risk any infection.
Main object- “Order Inquiry – MUSANADA EU036-2019.pdf.exe.exe”
Dropped executable file
sha256 C:\Users\admin\AppData\Local\Temp\sqlite3.dll 16574f51785b0e2fc29c2c61477eb47bb39f714829999511dc8952b43ab17660