Back today with even more Mailchimp abuse & malware spreading. On Thursday 22 February we saw 2 malware campaigns   abusing the Mailchimp network and they are still continuing again today. Again there is a bit of a change in the emails, the downloaded files & the eventual payload. They are still eventually delivering what looks like Gootkit banking trojan.
This next email with the subject of Invoice By FAX coming from Nixon Hire <email@example.com>; on behalf of; Nixon Hire <firstname.lastname@example.org> with 2 different links in the email body. The first link is behind what should be the image in the email and goes to Mailchimp.
To be honest when I first received these emails, I saw the link to https://nasirakabdayak.com/Scanned FAX.zip was suspended by the hosting company & didn’t notice the link to mailchimp because the image isn’t there, just a red X and I didn’t read the email carefully enough, just automatically went for the obvious link.
About 1 month ago we saw a malware campaign using Mailchimp to distribute Gootkit banking trojan. Today’s campaign has changed slightly and although the initial emails are coming via the Mailchimp system, the malware downloader is again coming from the Mailchimp system however the payloads are coming from other sites which are probably/almost certainly compromised.
They use email addresses and subjects that will entice a user to read the email and open the attachment. A very high proportion are being targeted at small and medium size businesses, with the hope of getting a better response than they do from consumers.
The first link in the email is to https://gallery.mailchimp.com/49ab97c4aa/files/c31814b3-b3d7-4bab-ae64-00917d7d2bbf/Scanned_FAX.zip
The second link is to https://nasirakabdayak.com/Scanned FAX.zip Which by the time I received my copies was suspended by the webhost.
One of the emails looks like:
From: Nixon Hire <email@example.com>; on behalf of; Nixon Hire <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon 26/02/2018 11:19
Subject: Invoice By FAX
Recipient: My Online Security Keep yourself safe online
Click on image or here , and get attached copy.
Copyright © 2018 Nixon Hire, All rights reserved.
You are receiving this email because you have previously opted in to receive emails from Nixon Hire.
Our mailing address is:
City West Business Park
Newcastle Upon Tyne, NE4 7DF
Add us to your address book
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|188.8.131.52||mail45.suw15.mcsv.net||Atlanta||Georgia||US||AS14782 The Rocket Science Group, LLC|
Received: from mail45.suw15.mcsv.net ([184.108.40.206]:53702)
by knight.knighthosting.co.uk with esmtp (Exim 4.89_1)
for email@example.com; Mon, 26 Feb 2018 11:24:55 +0000
DKIM-Signature: v=1; a=rsa-sha256; c=relaxed/relaxed; s=k1; d=mail45.suw15.mcsv.net;
Received: from (127.0.0.1) by mail45.suw15.mcsv.net id hifn8g2ddl4g for <firstname.lastname@example.org>; Mon, 26 Feb 2018 11:24:41 +0000 (envelope-from <email@example.com>)
From: =?utf-8?Q?Nixon=20Hire?= <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Reply-To: =?utf-8?Q?Nixon=20Hire?= <email@example.com>
To: =?utf-8?Q?My=20Online=20Security=20Keep=20yourself=20safe=20online?= <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 11:24:41 +0000
X-Mailer: MailChimp Mailer – **CIDe43f84ff25274aa1dffd**
X-Report-Abuse: Please report abuse for this campaign here: http://www.mailchimp.com/abuse/abuse.phtml?u=49ab97c4aa&id=e43f84ff25&e=274aa1dffd
List-ID: 49ab97c4aamc list <49ab97c4aa.106361.list-id.mcsv.net>
List-Unsubscribe: <https://nixonhire.us6.list-manage.com/unsubscribe?u=49ab97c4aa&id=1a1758171e&e=274aa1dffd&c=e43f84ff25>, <mailto:email@example.com?subject=unsubscribe>
Sender: “Nixon Hire” <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Content-Type: multipart/alternative; boundary=”_———-=_MCPart_1593733535″
These malicious attachments normally have a password stealing component, with the aim of stealing your bank, PayPal or other financial details along with your email or FTP ( web space) log in credentials. Many of them are also designed to specifically steal your Facebook and other social network log in details. A very high proportion are Ransomware versions that encrypt your files and demand money ( about £350/$400) to recover the files.All the alleged senders, amounts, reference numbers, Bank codes, companies, names of employees, employee positions, email addresses and phone numbers mentioned in the emails are all random. Some of these companies will exist and some won’t. Don’t try to respond by phone or email, all you will do is end up with an innocent person or company who have had their details spoofed and picked at random from a long list that the bad guys have previously found. The bad guys choose companies, Government departments and organisations with subjects that are designed to entice you or alarm you into blindly opening the attachment or clicking the link in the email to see what is happening.
Please read our How to protect yourselves page for simple, sensible advice on how to avoid being infected by this sort of socially engineered malware.
This is another one of the files that unless you have “show known file extensions enabled“, can easily be mistaken for a genuine DOC / PDF / JPG or other common file instead of the .EXE / .JS file it really is, so making it much more likely for you to accidentally open it and be infected.
Be very careful with email attachments. All of these emails use Social engineering tricks to persuade you to open the attachments that come with the email. Whether it is a message saying “look at this picture of me I took last night” and it appears to come from a friend or is more targeted at somebody who regularly is likely to receive PDF attachments or Word .doc attachments or any other common file that you use every day.
The basic rule is NEVER open any attachment to an email, unless you are expecting it. Now that is very easy to say but quite hard to put into practice, because we all get emails with files attached to them. Our friends and family love to send us pictures of them doing silly things, or even cute pictures of the children or pets.
Never just blindly click on the file in your email program. Always save the file to your downloads folder, so you can check it first. Many malicious files that are attached to emails will have a faked extension. That is the 3 letters at the end of the file name. Unfortunately windows by default hides the file extensions so you need to Set your folder options to “show known file types. Then when you unzip the zip file that is supposed to contain the pictures of “Sally’s dog catching a ball” or a report in word document format that work has supposedly sent you to finish working on at the weekend, or an invoice or order confirmation from some company, you can easily see if it is a picture or document & not a malicious program.
If you see JS or .EXE or .COM or .PIF or .SCR or .HTA .vbs, .wsf , .jse .jar at the end of the file name DO NOT click on it or try to open it, it will infect you.
While the malicious program is inside the zip file, it cannot harm you or automatically run. When it is just sitting unzipped in your downloads folder it won’t infect you, provided you don’t click it to run it. Just delete the zip and any extracted file and everything will be OK. You can always run a scan with your antivirus to be sure. There are some zip files that can be configured by the bad guys to automatically run the malware file when you double click the zip to extract the file. If you right click any suspicious zip file received, and select extract here or extract to folder ( after saving the zip to a folder on the computer) that risk is virtually eliminated. Never attempt to open a zip directly from your email, that is a guaranteed way to get infected. The best way is to just delete the unexpected zip and not risk any infection.