Lokibot Campaigns Continue With Some Changes To C2 URLs

Lokibot Campaigns Continue With Some Changes To C2 URLs

Seeing some changes to Lokibot with this malware delivery campaign overnight. I don’t know if it is a complete change to the C2 url naming convention or whether it is only this particular actor using a different C2 url naming convention. Generally with Lokibot the quickest & easiest way to identify it, is the “fre.php” in the C2 URL. Today we are seeing “cat.php”.

The delivery email with the subject of Request For Invoice pretending to come from sales@kumarequipment.net with a malicious word doc attachment that contains an RTF exploit is typical of common malware delivery methods that is currently being used by dozens, if not hundreds of bad actors.

They are using email addresses and subjects that will scare or entice a user to read the email and open the attachment. A very high proportion are being targeted at small and medium size businesses, with the hope of getting a better response than they do from consumers.

Remember many email clients, especially on a mobile phone or tablet, only show the Name in the From: and not the bit in <domain.com >. That is why these scams and phishes work so well.

You can now submit suspicious sites, emails and files via our Submissions system

neither Kumar Equipment nor any other email or web address in listed in the email has been hacked or had their email or other servers compromised. They are not sending the emails to you. They are just innocent victims in exactly the same way as every recipient of these emails.

The email looks like:
From: sales@kumarequipment.net
Date: Fri 07/12/2021 01:06
Subject: Request For Invoice
Attachment: 102378960.doc

Body Content:

Dear, Good Morning, Following up on our previous conversation last month with my colleague pertaining the purchase your product. Please find enclosed in Attachment the revised, and final purchase order. Sorry for the delay because we just received confirmation from our customer.

Please send us proforma invoice with bank details, and confirm when order can be ready so we effect transfer for the deposit payment. I Await your urgent invoice confirmation. Best regards.Sophie Rodrigo Jovin AmedPurchase Manager,Kohyei Equipment Import & Export Trade Co16th Floor, Sobha Sapphire,  Al Khail roadTel : 00971-6-5439754Fax : 00971-6-5439755Email: sales@kumarequipment.net —– Forwarded message SUNLIGHT SALES GROUP Co,.Ltd<sales_wang909@gmail.com> —–Date: Sun, 12 Feb 2017 14:49:25 +0300From:  Kohyei Import & Export Trade Co <sales@kumarequipment.net>Subject: FW: New ORDER,To: cghjk@Cc: Admin -T, PLEASE CONFORM US BACK ONCE YOU RECEIVED. BEST REGARDS, HAMID-20 39284319 final service hero Qurtoba Co-Op EnttranceSUNLIGHT General Trading Co,

Screenshot:

Fake Request for Invoice email

102378960.doc Current Virus total detections: Anyrun |
This malware rtf exploit initially contacts http://bit.ly/2FYmzDl where it is redirected to download from http://tixon.mooo.com/1/ander11078.jpg ( which is not a jpg but a renamed .exe file) Virustotal |
MOOO.COM is a dynamic DNS service where a user can “host” anything. We have absolutely no way of knowing the actual hosting address of the malware file. It might be a compromised server somewhere or even the malware developers home computer
The C2 is http://decvit.ga/and/cat.php

Email Headers:

IP Hostname City Region Country Organisation
109.238.6.89  csikx006089-EU-FR-IKDC2-Z5-BASIC.ikexpress.com FR AS21409 Ikoula Net SAS
127.0.0.1 Local IP

 

Received: from csikx006089-eu-fr-ikdc2-z5-basic.ikexpress.com ([109.238.6.89]:34120 helo=ngay6-9.com)
	by my email server with esmtp (Exim 4.91)
	(envelope-from <sales@kumarequipment.net>)
	id 1gV79o-0004MR-0W
	for victim@victimsdomain.com; Fri, 07 Dec 2021 03:50:28 +0000
Received: from 109.238.6.89 (localhost [127.0.0.1])
	by ngay6-9.com (Postfix) with ESMTPA id BA33229F93B;
	Fri,  7 Dec 2021 02:05:59 +0100 (CET)
MIME-Version: 1.0
Content-Type: multipart/mixed;
 boundary="=_4c13a3600d2a80c5db10a5970f67e7cb"
Date: Thu, 06 Dec 2021 17:05:59 -0800
From: sales@kumarequipment.net
To: undisclosed-recipients:;
Subject: Request For Invoice
Reply-To: sales@kumarequipment.net
Mail-Reply-To: sales@kumarequipment.net
Message-ID: <1d3e3a86d3486112ee0a800139f676c6@joni.com>
X-Sender: sales@kumarequipment.net
User-Agent: Roundcube Webmail/1.0.4

All the alleged senders, companies, names of employees, phone numbers, amounts, reference numbers etc. mentioned in the emails are all innocent and are just picked at random. Some of these companies will exist and some won’t. Don’t try to respond by phone or email, all you will do is end up with an innocent person or company who have had their details spoofed and picked at random from a long list that the bad guys have previously found . The bad guys choose companies, Government departments and other organisations with subjects that are designed to entice you or alarm you into blindly opening the attachment or clicking the link in the email to see what is happening.

This email attachment contains what appears to be a genuine word doc or Excel XLS spreadsheet with either a macro script or an embedded OLE object that when run will infect you.

Modern versions of Microsoft office, that is Office 2010, 2013, 2016 and Office 365 should be automatically set to higher security to protect you.

By default protected view is enabled and macros are disabled, UNLESS you or your company have enabled them. If protected view mode is turned off and macros are enabled then opening this malicious word document will infect you, and simply previewing it in windows explorer or your email client might well be enough to infect you. Definitely DO NOT follow the advice they give to enable macros or enable editing to see the content.

Most of these malicious word documents either appear to be totally blank or look something like these images when opened in protected view mode, which should be the default in Office 2010, 2013, 2016 and 365. Some versions pretend to have a digital RSA key and say you need to enable editing and Macros to see the content. Do NOT enable Macros or editing under any circumstances.

What Can Be Infected By This

At this time, these malicious macros only infect windows computers. They do not affect a Mac, IPhone, IPad, Blackberry, Windows phone or Android phone.

The malicious word or excel file can open on any device with an office program installed, and potentially the macro will run on Windows or Mac or any other device with Microsoft Office installed. BUT the downloaded malware that the macro tries to download is windows specific, so will not harm, install or infect any other computer except a windows computer. You will not be infected if you do not have macros enabled in Excel or Word. These Macros do not run in “Office Online” Open Office, Libre Office, Word Perfect or any other office program that can read Word or Excel files.

Please read our How to protect yourselves page for simple, sensible advice on how to avoid being infected by this sort of socially engineered malware. Also please read our post about word macro malware and how to avoid being infected by them.

Be very careful with email attachments. All of these emails use Social engineering tricks to persuade you to open the attachments that come with the email. It might be a simple message saying “look at this picture of me I took last night” that appears to come from a friend. It might be a scare ware message that will make you open the attachment to see what you are accused of doing. Frequently it is more targeted at somebody ( small companies etc.) who regularly receive PDF attachments or Word .doc attachments or any other common file that you use every day, for example an invoice addressed to sales@victimcompany.com.

The basic rule is NEVER open any attachment to an email, unless you are expecting it. Now that is very easy to say but quite hard to put into practice, because we all get emails with files attached to them. Our friends and family love to send us pictures of them doing silly things, or even cute pictures of the children or pets. Many of us routinely get Word, Excel or PowerPoint attachments in the course of work or from companies that we already have a relationship with.

Never just blindly click on the file in your email program. Always save the file to your downloads folder, so you can check it first. A lot of malicious files that are attached to emails will have a faked extension. That is the 3 letters at the end of the file name. Unfortunately windows by default hides the file extensions so you need to Set your folder options to “show known file types. Then when you unzip the zip file that is supposed to contain the pictures of “Sally’s dog catching a ball”, an invoice or receipt from some company for a product or service or receive a Word doc or Excel file report that work has supposedly sent you to finish working on at the weekend, you can easily see if it is a picture or document & not a malicious program. If you see JS or .EXE or .COM or .PIF or .SCR or .HTA .vbs, .wsf , .jse .jar at the end of the file name DO NOT click on it or try to open it, it will infect you.

With these malformed infected word, excel and other office documents that normally contain a vba macro virus, the vital thing is do not open any office document direct from your email client or the web. Always save the document to a safe location on your computer, normally your downloads folder or your documents folder and scan it with your antivirus. Many Antiviruses do not natively detect vba macro-viruses in real time protection and you need to enable document or office protection in the settings. Do not rely on your Anti-Virus to immediately detect the malware or malicious content. DO NOT enable editing mode or enable macros

All modern versions of word and other office programs, that is 2010, 2013, 2016 and 365, should open all Microsoft office documents that is word docs, excel files and PowerPoint etc that are downloaded from the web or received in an email automatically in “protected view” that stops any embedded malware or macros from being displayed and running. Make sure protected view is set in all office programs to protect you and your company from these sorts of attacks and do not over ride it to edit the document until you are 100% sure that it is a safe document. If the protected mode bar appears when opening the document DO NOT enable editing mode or enable macros the document will look blank or have a warning message, but will be safe.

Be aware that there are a lot of dodgy word docs spreading that WILL infect you with no action from you if you are still using an out dated or vulnerable version of word. This is a good reason to update your office programs to a recent version and stop using office 2003 and 2007. Many of us have continued to use older versions of word and other office programs, because they are convenient, have the functions and settings we are used to and have never seen a need to update to the latest super-duper version. The risks in using older version are now seriously starting to outweigh the convenience, benefits and cost of keeping an old version going.

I strongly urge you to update your office software to the latest version and stop putting yourself at risk, using old out of date software.

IOC:
102378960.doc
MD5: 097d917e08c67fa1124cffa60e821e0e
SHA-1: e1f3e546ae8e47d889aabdba722698b90a0a32da
Download URLs
http://bit.ly/2FYmzDl
http://tixon.mooo.com/1/ander11078.jpg 64.137.232.119
MD5: f56152ef206fdd8aa0c33656970e041b
SHA1: 79385ab67fbfe559fa54fd647552552323b0804b

Derek

Derek