The latest set of Upatre downloader emails are Invoice or credit note from random companies.  An email with the subject of  Invoice INV-91659 from [random company] for [Your web domain] (random numbers)  or Credit Note CN-85402 from [random company] for [Your web domain] (random numbers)   pretending to come from Accounts with  a zip attachment is another one from the current bot runs which try to download various Trojans and password stealers especially banking credential stealers, which may include cridex, dridex, dyreza and various  Zbots, cryptolocker, ransomware and loads of other malware on your computer. They use email addresses and subjects that will entice a user to read the email and open the attachment. A very high proportion are being targeted at small and medium size businesses, with the hope of getting a better response than they do from consumers.

The content of the email looks like one of these examples :

Here’s invoice INV-91659 for 344.85 GBP. 

The amount outstanding of 344.85 GBP is due on 3 Augl 2015.

Please make payment to the following account, using your account number or invoice number as a reference as we are NO longer accepting cheques: 

Sort Code: 30-48-52

A/C no:64963391 

If you have any questions, please let us know. 

Many Thanks,

Cavity Dental Staff Agency Ltd 


Hi Terrance, 

Attached is your credit note CN-58474 for 933.50 GBP. 

This has been allocated against invoice number  

If you have any questions, please let us know.


Pactiv Corp

Credit Note CN-85402 from PeopleSoft Inc for (6560) Invoice INV-96032 from Pharmacia Corp for (0394)

These malicious attachments normally have a password stealing component, with the aim of stealing your bank, PayPal or other financial details along with your email or FTP ( web space) log in credentials. Many of them are also designed to specifically steal your Facebook and other social network log in details.

All the alleged senders, amounts, reference numbers, Bank codes, companies, names of employees and phone numbers mentioned in the emails are all random. Some of these companies will exist and some won’t. Don’t try to respond by phone or email, all you will do is end up with an innocent person  or company  who have had their details spoofed and picked at random from a long list that the bad guys have previously found.  The bad guys choose companies, Government departments and organisations  with subjects that are designed to entice you or alarm you into blindly opening the attachment or clicking the link in the email to see what is happening.

Please read our How to protect yourselves page for simple, sensible advice on how to avoid being infected by this sort of socially engineered malware.


3 September 2015: Invoice Extracts to:   Invoice.scr            Current Virus total detections:

Update 23 October 2015: a new run of this malspam today with a slight difference. The attachments pretend to be word docs with a  .doc extension but actually are zip files. The misnamed file will try to open in word if you double click it but will big a big page of empty tiny squares

Credit Note CN-55924.doc renames to : Credit Note Extracts to:   Credit Note CN-83607.exe           Current Virus total detections:

This is another one of the spoofed icon files that unless you have “show known file extensions enabled“, will look like a proper PDF file instead of the .exe file it really is, so making it much more likely for you to accidentally open it and be infected.

 Be very careful with email attachments. All of these emails use Social engineering tricks to persuade you to open the attachments that come with the email. Whether it is a message saying “look at this picture of me I took last night” and it appears to come from a friend or is more targeted at somebody who regularly is likely to receive PDF attachments or Word .doc attachments or any other common file that you use every day.

The basic rule is NEVER open any attachment to an email, unless you are expecting it. Now that is very easy to say but quite hard to put into practice, because we all get emails with files attached to them. Our friends and family  love to send us pictures of them doing silly things, or even cute pictures of the children or pets.

Never just blindly click on the file in your email program. Always save the file to your downloads folder, so you can check it first. Most ( if not all) malicious files that are attached to emails will have a faked extension. That is the 3 letters at the end of the file name. Unfortunately windows by default hides the file extensions so you need to Set your folder options to “show known file types. Then when you unzip the zip file that is supposed to contain the pictures of “Sally’s dog catching a ball” or a report in word document format that work has supposedly sent you to finish working on at the weekend,  you can easily see if it is a picture or document & not a malicious program. If you see .EXE or .COM or .PIF or .SCR at the end of the file name DO NOT click on it or try to open it, it will infect you.

While the malicious program is inside the zip file, it cannot harm you or automatically run. When it is just sitting unzipped in your downloads folder it won’t infect you, provided you don’t click it to run it. Just delete the zip and any extracted file and everything will be OK. You can always run a scan with your antivirus to be sure. There are some zip files that can be configured by the bad guys to automatically run the malware file when you double click the zip to extract the file. If you right click any suspicious zip file received, and select extract here or extract to folder ( after saving the zip to a folder on the computer) that risk is virtually eliminated. Never attempt to open a zip directly from your email, that is a guaranteed way to get infected. The best way is to just delete the unexpected zip and not risk any infection.


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[…] note-themed malspam. Other sources have reported about this particular themein recent days [3, 4]. The subject line for each message contains the domain name of the recipients email address. The […]


[…] note-themed malspam. Other sources have reported about this particular themein recent days [3, 4]. The subject line for each message contains the domain name of the recipients email address. The […]