HMC&TS Worker’s Compensation Appeal – Fake Word.doc Malware


HMC&TS Worker’s Compensation Appeal pretending to come from HM Courts and Tribunals Service <>is another one from the current zbot runs which try to drop cryptolocker, ransomware and loads of other malware on your computer. They are using email addresses and subjects that will entice a user to read the email and open the attachment.

A very high proportion are being targeted at small and medium size businesses, with the hope of getting a better response than they do from consumers.

Almost all of these have a password stealing component, with the aim of stealing your email or FTP ( web space) log in credentials. Many of them are also designed to specifically steal your facebook and other social network log in details.

Please read our How to protect yourselves page for simple, sensible advice on how to avoid being infected by this sort of socially engineered malware.

So far today I have seen several subjects for this email

  • HMC&TS Worker’s Compensation Appeal
  • HM C&TS Worker’s Summons
  • HM C&TS Worker’s Appeal
  • HMCTS Worker’s Compensation Summons
  • HMCTS Compensation Appeal
  • Worker’s Compensation Summons
  • HM Courts & Tribunals Service Summons
  • HM Courts & Tribunals Service
  • HM Courts & Tribunals Service Compensation Summons
  • HM Courts & Tribunals Service Worker’s Compensation Appeal
  • HM Courts & Tribunals Service Compensation Appeal
  • HM Courts & Tribunals Service Appeal


All the emails are very similar, but will have different courts or tribunals listed and different dates, case numbers and tribunal members. The faked sender will normally be the same name as the recipient of the email with a few random letters after the name.

Update 10 September 2021: they have added an extra dimension to the malware today and as well as the spoofed word.doc icon have added a load of extra spaces between the .doc and the final .exe extension, so that an unwary user can miss the final extension and genuinely think that it is a word doc and open it to become infected

Worker’s Compensation Appeal Tribunal

Decision # 502

Board Direction To Rehear Decision #695

Claim No.: 2504=5704

Date of Original Notice of Appeal: June 10, 2021

Date Received at The Tribunal: June 19, 2021

Date of Board Direction to Rehear: August 11, 2021

Received: August 20, 2021

Date of Documentary Review by Appeal Committee: August 23, 2021

Date of Decision: September 6, 2021

To Whom It May Concern,

Your Corporation (named Respondent)

Appears to be in default because of its failure to comply with the Administrative Law Judge’s Prehearing Order without decent cause, and such default by Respondent constitutes an admission of all facts alleged in the Complaint and a waiver of Respondent’s right to contest such factual allegations. Respondent violated the section 9(6), paragraph B13(1) of the Jobseekers Act 1995.

We recommend you to download a copy of original Complaint at Tribunal in attachment below.

Commitee Chair: E. Hughes
Member Representative of Employers: C. Holden
Member Representative of Workers: W.C. Kirby

Central London County Court
County Court at Central London, Royal Courts of Justice
Thomas More Building
Royal Courts of Justice

9 September 2021: (66kb): Extracts to Copy of original Complaint at Tribunal.docx.exe Current Virus total detections: 1/55

10 September 2021: (65kb): Extracts to Original Complaint at Tribunal.doc .exe Current Virus total detections: 1/55

This is another one of the spoofed icon files that unless you have “show known file extensions enabled“, will look like a proper Microsoft word .doc instead of the .exe file it really is, so making it much more likely for you to accidentally open it and be infected.

All of these emails use Social engineering tricks to persuade you to open the attachments that come with the email. Whether it is a message saying “look at this picture of me I took last night” and it appears to come from a friend or is more targeted at somebody who regularly is likely to receive PDF attachments or Word .doc attachments or any other common file that you use every day. Be very careful when unzipping them and make sure you have “show known file extensions enabled“, And then look carefully at the unzipped file. If it says .EXE then it is a problem and should not be run or opened.

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