A bit of a mixture with multiple attachments and multiple payloads today with this email with the subject of Re: Re: Signed Contract Agreeement. pretending to come from Kim Young-jin Tony <email@example.com> with a malicious word doc attachment delivering both Lokibot & Formbook malware.
This uses quite a devious and slightly complicated delivery system. It all starts with the email and 2 attachments
The first is the word dotx attachment, the second is the pdf which also contains the same dotx attachment embedded inside it that gets dropped when the pdf is opened if you have poor/lax security settings on your PDF reader.
You do get a message asking you if you want to open the file, but a recipient could easily think that it is the PDF asking to be opened if you don’t read very carefully.
We saw a lot of this sort of campaign about 1 year ago and posted advice on how to avoid being compromised by them. I am assuming they are using the same method, although there was an Adobe Reader Update a couple of days ago to fix a newly discovered exploit CVE-2018-4990 and might be connected.
Agreement.pdf VirusTotal | Anyrun | Hybrid Analysis | which drops Agreement.dotx ( this is the same dotx that is also attached individually to the email ). Current Virus total detections: Anyrun | Hybrid Analysis |
This in turn downloads from http://utasarmsinc.ru/doc/mine001.doc ( VirusTotal) using embedded urls in document rels rather than any macro or exploit. This is a malformed RTF file that uses Microsoft Equation Editor Exploits either CVE-2017-11882 or CVE-2017-0199 or a combination of both to download from http://irishlebanese.com/wp-admin/admin/mine001.exe (FormBook)( VirusTotal) which drops mine001l.exe (Lokibot) (VirusTotal) Please note the subtle differences in the file names. C2 appears to be http://ukonlinejfk.ru/mine/fre.php but you can see hundreds of other connections in the Anyrun and HA reports.
They are using email addresses and subjects that will scare or entice a user to read the email and open the attachment. A very high proportion are being targeted at small and medium size businesses, with the hope of getting a better response than they do from consumers.
Remember many email clients, especially on a mobile phone or tablet, only show the Name in the From: and not the bit in <domain.com >. That is why these scams and phishes work so well.
You can now submit suspicious sites, emails and files via our Submissions system
The email looks like:
From: Kim Young-jin Tony <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed 16/05/2018 15:10
Subject: Re: Re: Signed Contract Agreeement.
Attachment: Agreement.dotx and Agreement.pdf
Good day to you,
After several meetings with my team we have agreed with the signed contract agreement.
Please see the attached file for your record and provide us with your company’s bank account details for you to proceed with the transaction.
Kim Young-jin Tony (Mr.)
Field Material Controller / CFP
SK Engineering & Construction Co., Ltd.
Tel: + 965-6709-6889 | Email: email@example.com
————————————————– ————————————————– ————————————-
From <firstname.lastname@example.org> Wed, 16 May 2018 15:10:04 +0100
Received: from 22.214.171.124.static.lrtc.lt [126.96.36.199] by mail; Wed, 16 May 2018 15:10:04 +0100
From: Kim Young-jin Tony <email@example.com>
Subject: Re: Re: Signed Contract Agreeement.
Date: 16 May 2018 17:10:03 +0300
All the alleged senders, companies, names of employees, phone numbers, amounts, reference numbers etc. mentioned in the emails are all innocent and are just picked at random. Some of these companies will exist and some won’t. Don’t try to respond by phone or email, all you will do is end up with an innocent person or company who have had their details spoofed and picked at random from a long list that the bad guys have previously found . The bad guys choose companies, Government departments and other organisations with subjects that are designed to entice you or alarm you into blindly opening the attachment or clicking the link in the email to see what is happening.
This email attachment contains what appears to be a genuine word doc or Excel XLS spreadsheet with either a macro script or an embedded OLE object that when run will infect you.
Modern versions of Microsoft office, that is Office 2010, 2013, 2016 and Office 365 should be automatically set to higher security to protect you.
By default protected view is enabled and macros are disabled, UNLESS you or your company have enabled them. If protected view mode is turned off and macros are enabled then opening this malicious word document will infect you, and simply previewing it in windows explorer or your email client might well be enough to infect you. Definitely DO NOT follow the advice they give to enable macros or enable editing to see the content.
Most of these malicious word documents either appear to be totally blank or look something like these images when opened in protected view mode, which should be the default in Office 2010, 2013, 2016 and 365. Some versions pretend to have a digital RSA key and say you need to enable editing and Macros to see the content. Do NOT enable Macros or editing under any circumstances.
Please read our How to protect yourselves page for simple, sensible advice on how to avoid being infected by this sort of socially engineered malware. Also please read our post about word macro malware and how to avoid being infected by them
Be very careful with email attachments. All of these emails use Social engineering tricks to persuade you to open the attachments that come with the email. It might be a simple message saying “look at this picture of me I took last night” that appears to come from a friend. It might be a scare ware message that will make you open the attachment to see what you are accused of doing. Frequently it is more targeted at somebody ( small companies etc.) who regularly receive PDF attachments or Word .doc attachments or any other common file that you use every day, for example an invoice addressed to firstname.lastname@example.org.
The basic rule is NEVER open any attachment to an email, unless you are expecting it. Now that is very easy to say but quite hard to put into practice, because we all get emails with files attached to them. Our friends and family love to send us pictures of them doing silly things, or even cute pictures of the children or pets. Many of us routinely get Word, Excel or PowerPoint attachments in the course of work or from companies that we already have a relationship with.
Never just blindly click on the file in your email program. Always save the file to your downloads folder, so you can check it first. A lot of malicious files that are attached to emails will have a faked extension. That is the 3 letters at the end of the file name. Unfortunately windows by default hides the file extensions so you need to Set your folder options to “show known file types. Then when you unzip the zip file that is supposed to contain the pictures of “Sally’s dog catching a ball”, an invoice or receipt from some company for a product or service or receive a Word doc or Excel file report that work has supposedly sent you to finish working on at the weekend, you can easily see if it is a picture or document & not a malicious program. If you see JS or .EXE or .COM or .PIF or .SCR or .HTA .vbs, .wsf , .jse .jar at the end of the file name DO NOT click on it or try to open it, it will infect you.
With these malformed infected word, excel and other office documents that normally contain a vba macro virus, the vital thing is do not open any office document direct from your email client or the web. Always save the document to a safe location on your computer, normally your downloads folder or your documents folder and scan it with your antivirus. Many Antiviruses do not natively detect vba macro-viruses in real time protection and you need to enable document or office protection in the settings. Do not rely on your Anti-Virus to immediately detect the malware or malicious content. DO NOT enable editing mode or enable macros
All modern versions of word and other office programs, that is 2010, 2013, 2016 and 365, should open all Microsoft office documents that is word docs, excel files and PowerPoint etc that are downloaded from the web or received in an email automatically in “protected view” that stops any embedded malware or macros from being displayed and running. Make sure protected view is set in all office programs to protect you and your company from these sorts of attacks and do not over ride it to edit the document until you are 100% sure that it is a safe document. If the protected mode bar appears when opening the document DO NOT enable editing mode or enable macros the document will look blank or have a warning message, but will be safe.
Be aware that there are a lot of dodgy word docs spreading that WILL infect you with no action from you if you are still using an out dated or vulnerable version of word. This is a good reason to update your office programs to a recent version and stop using office 2003 and 2007. Many of us have continued to use older versions of word and other office programs, because they are convenient, have the functions and settings we are used to and have never seen a need to update to the latest super-duper version. The risks in using older version are now seriously starting to outweigh the convenience, benefits and cost of keeping an old version going.
I strongly urge you to update your office software to the latest version and stop putting yourself at risk, using old out of date software.